Tra necessità e contingenza: la provvidenza divina nella prospettiva della filosofia naturale di Tommaso d'Aquino = Between necessity and contingency: Divine Providence in the light of Aquinas' Natural Philosophy


Providence, from a philosophical point of view, is a problematic node that runs through much of the history of Western thought. The theme is closely linked to that of necessity, contingency, and causality, and so it can receive a contribution by analysing it starting from Aquinas' natural philosophy. From the De Principiis Naturae, Aquinas' youthful text, we witness the development of the theme in this context, which allows us to grasp providence in relation with necessity. The final causality acquires centrality. It is as an "engine" that pushes everything to be according to the proper modality of its nature, and therefore also in the mode of necessity. The rootedness in the natural philosophy allows us to grasp the providence as that modality of divine government capable of holding together the necessity of God's action and creatural contingency, leaving the rational creature free in its own choices.

DOI Code: 10.1285/i18285368aXXXVIn103p58

Keywords: Providence; Tommaso d'Aquino; necessity; contingency; final causality

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