Online Submissions

Already have a Username/Password for Transitional Waters Bulletin?
Go to Login

Need a Username/Password?
Go to Registration

Registration and login are required to submit items online and to check the status of current submissions.


Author Guidelines


Transitional Waters Bulletin proceeds totally online uses a submission system at the journal website

Submitted manuscript should not have been previously published (with the exclusion of thesis, technical reports, and conference abstracts) and should not be submitted for publication elsewhere while they are under consideration by Transitional Waters Bulletin. Submission of a manuscript also implies that, if accepted, it will be not published in the same form elsewhere, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The submission with the manuscript, of the names and addresses of 4 potential Referees is required. You may also mention persons who you would prefer not to review your paper. After peer review, authors will have a 60 days period for submitting their revised manuscript. In case of acceptance of a manuscript for the publications, authors must also submit a Copyright Transfer Agreement with original signature(s) and, if the manuscript contains extracts, including illustrations, from other copyright works (including materials from on-line or intranet sources), permission grants from the owners of the publishing rights to reproduce such extracts. Forms for the Copyright Transfer Agreement and the Permission Request are available on the journal website. Electronic articles submitted for the review process may need to be edited after acceptance to follow journal standards. For this an "editable" file format is necessary. See the section on "Electronic format requirements for accepted articles" and the further general instructions on how to prepare your article below.

Manuscript format

Main text of the manuscript, tables and figures have to be submitted in separate files. As regards the manuscript text, original source files, not PDF files, are preferred; we are able to process most processing packages but prefer Word. As regard figures, authors should save each figure as a separate file. Regardless of the application used, when an electronic artwork is finalised, it should be saved as EPS or TIFF formats. Please do not submit figures files that are optimised for screen use since the resolution is too low. Once the submission files are uploaded, the system automatically generates an electronic PDF manuscript which is then used for reviewing. All correspondence, including the Editor’s decision and request for revisions, will be by e-mail.

Manuscript category

Authors are required to specify the category designation for the manuscript (Research Articles, Data articles, Review articles, View point articles, Brief notes, Editorials, Project Reports, Theme section, Special Features & Forums). In the case of Special Issues, please indicate it during submission. Authors should ensure that they submit manuscripts and meet any additional requirements in line with deadlines set by the Guest Editor(s) to ensure that the entire Special Issue can be published in a timely fashion.

Manuscript style

The language of the journal is English; American of British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these.

General formatting requirements for submitted manuscript are the following:

1)       The entire manuscript must be double spaced (text, quotations, figure legends, literature cited etc.) and have a margin of 3cm all around.

2)       All pages of the text must be numbered, starting with the title page and all pages should have line numbers as well.

3)       Typically a manuscript should be organised as follows: Title, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgement, References. Figure captions, tables, figures and schemes should be presented in this order at the end of the article. Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2 ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to "the text". Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.


Article structure

Title. Titles must be concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Author names and affiliations. Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.

Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that phone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address. Contact details must be kept up to date by the corresponding author.

Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' (or 'Permanent address') may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.

A concise and factual abstract of up to 350 words, according to the selected category of manuscript, is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself. It should consist of a series of short, numbered statements.

Authors must provide 4 to 6 keywords. On the bottom of the abstract page up to eight keywords must be included. Keywords describe the paper for indexing purposes; therefore keywords selected from international indexes, such as the Aquatic Science & Fisheries Thesaurus (available at the website should be preferentially used. Keywords should include also regional index terms.

State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

Material and methods
Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.

Results should be clear and concise.

This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature. However, if the paper really is better with a combined section and this prevents an undue amount of repetition then we allow a joint section.

A short Conclusions section can be presented at the end of the Discussion.

Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., English text reviewers, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).Place Acknowledgements, including information on grants received, before the references in a separate section, and not as a footnote on the title page.

Please supply, as a separate list, the definitions of field-specific terms used in your article.

If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.

Paper length
The paper should not contain more than 8000 words, and not more than 8 figures and 4 tables.

Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article if applicable.

Reporting of Salinity Measurements
Salinity should be reported using the Practical Salinity Scale. In the Practical Salinity Scale salinity is defined as a pure ratio, and has no dimensions or units. By decision of the Joint Panel of Oceanographic Tables and Standards it does not have any numerical symbol to indicate parts per thousand. Salinity should be reported as a number with no symbol or indicator of proportion after it. In particular, it is not correct to add the letters PSU, implying Practical Salinity Units, after the number. An example of correct phrasing is as follows: 'The salinity of the water was 34.2'. It is reasonable to state at some point early in the paper that salinity was measured using the Practical Salinity Scale.

Nomenclature and units
Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI). Concerning the symbol used for the litre expression, both “l” and “L” are allowed even if the use of the latter is strongly encouraged. If other quantities are mentioned, give their equivalent in SI. You are urged to consult IUPAC: Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry: for further information. Concerning measurement units, the expression “mgkg-1” is to be preferred to the equivalent “mg/kg”.

Math formulae
Present simple formulae in the line of normal text where possible and use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line for small fractional terms, e.g., X/Y. In principle, variables are to be presented in italics. Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp. Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text (if referred to explicitly in the text).

Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.

For vector graphics, the preferred format is EPS; for halftones, please use TIFF format. Vector graphics containing fonts must have the fonts embedded in the files. Do not use faint lines and/or lettering and check that all lines and lettering within the figures are legible at final size. All lines should be at least 0.1 mm (0.3 pt) wide .Halftones should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi. When preparing your figures, size figures to fit in the column width. The figures should be 75 mm or 150 mm wide and not higher than 190 mm.

Figure captions
Ensure that each illustration has a caption describing accurately what the figure depicts. Include the captions in the text file of the manuscript, not in the figure file. Figure captions begin with the term Figure followed by the figure number and punctuation. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.Identify previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference citation at the end of the figure caption.



Citation in text

Responsibility for the accuracy of bibliographic citations lies entirely with the Author(s). Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text as "unpublished results" or "personal communication". Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication. Papers which have been submitted are not valid as references until accepted.

Web references

As a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g., after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.

Reference style

All citations in the text should refer to:

  1. Single Author's name (without initials) and year of publication.
  2. Two Authors' names and the year of publication: Roff and Taylor (2000) or (Roff and Taylor, 2000).
  3. Three or more Authors; first Author's name followed by "et al." and the year of publication.
  4. Where reference is made to more than one work by the same author published in the same year, each citation must be identified in the text as follows: (Rossi, 2001a, 2001b).

Reference list

In the list of references names of authors and all co-authors must be given in full. References in the Reference List should be arranged first alphabetically, and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same Author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters "a", b", "c", etc., placed after the year of publication. All references must be complete and accurate; DOI should be included at the end of each reference in the reference list.

References are listed in the exemplified style:


References to a journal publication:

Names and initials of all authors, year. Title of paper. Journal name (given in full), volume number(Issue): first and last page numbers of the paper.

Comin FA, Menendez M, Herrera JA 2004.Spatial and temporal scales for monitoring coastal aquatic ecosystems.  Aquatic Conservation: Marine Freshwater Ecosystems 14 (S1): 5-17.

References to a book:

Names and initials of all authors, year. Title of the book. Publisher, location of publisher, total number of pages.

Kjerfve B 1994. Coastal lagoon processes. Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 33 pp.

Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

Names and initials of all authors, year. Title of paper. Names and initials of the volume editors, title of the edited volume. Publisher, location of publisher, first and last page numbers of the paper.

Thomas E 1992. Middle Eocene-late Oligocene bathyal benthic foraminifera (Weddell Sea): faunal changes and implications for ocean circulation. In: Prothero, D.R., Berggren, W.A. (Eds.), Eocene Oligocene Climatic and Biotic Evolution. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, NJ, pp. 245-271.

Conference proceedings papers:

Names and initials of all authors, year. Title of paper. Name of the conference. Publisher, location of publisher, first and last page numbers of the paper.

Smith MW 1988. The significance of climatic change for the permafrost environment. Final Proceedings International Conference on Permafrost. Tapir, Trondheim, Norway, pp. 18-23.

Unpublished theses, reports, etc.:

Use of unpublished theses and reports is strongly discouraged. If they are essential and the editors agree, you must supply: Names and initials of all authors, year. Title of item. All other relevant information needed to identify the item (e.g., technical report, Ph.D. thesis, institute, current status i.e. in press/unpublished etc.).

Moustakas N 1990. Relationships of Morphological and Physiochemical Properties of Vertisols under Greek Climate Conditions. Ph.D. Thesis, Agricultural Univ. Athens, Greece, unpublished.

Publications in original languages

In the case of publications in any language other than English, the original title is to be retained. Titles of publications in non-Latin alphabets should be transliterated, and a note such as '(in Russian)' or '(in Japanese, with English Abstract)' should be added at the end of the reference.

Non-text and Electronic-only informations

The following provide examples of appropriate citation formats for non-text and electronic-only information. However, it is requested that a Web site address or list server message is given as a reference ONLY where the information is unavailable in a more permanent form. If such sources are given, then please give as complete information as possible.

Jones P 1996. Research activities at Smith Technology Institute. WWW Page,

Smith F, Peabody AN 1997. Hydrographic data for the Sargasso Sea, July-September 1993, SarSea mission. (Deep-Sea Data Centre, Hull, UK), online, dataset, 740 MB,

Green A 1991. Deformations in Acanthaster planci from the Coral Sea, observed during UEA Special Project 7, July 1978. Journal of Pollution Research 14 (7) suppl., CD-ROM, photographic images, 240 MB.

James Z 1997. Ecological effects of sea wall construction during 1994 at Bridlington, UK. List server Message, Eco-list, 20 October 1995.


Proofs will be sent to the corresponding author for checking. This stage is to be used only to correct errors that may have been introduced in the production process. A PDF file of the published article will be send automatically to all authors as soon as the paper will be published as Preview on the journal website.



Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The following list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal for review. Please consult this Guide for Authors for further details of any item.

    Ensure that the following items are present:

    One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:

    • E-mail address
    • Full postal address
    • Phone numbers
  2. All necessary files have been uploaded, and contain:

    • Keywords
    • All figure captions
    • All tables (including title, description, footnotes)
  3. Further considerations

    • Manuscript has been 'spell-checked' and 'grammar-checked'
    • References are in the correct format for this journal
    • All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa
    • Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Web)
    • Color figures are clearly marked as being intended for color reproduction on the Web (free of charge) and in print, or to be reproduced in color on the Web (free of charge) and in black-and-white in print
    If only color on the Web is required, black-and-white versions of the figures are also supplied for printing purpose

Privacy Statement

Informativa sulla privacy

L'utente autorizza l'Università del Salento al trattamento dei dati personali ai sensi della Legge 196/03 e successive modifiche ed integrazioni.

I nomi e gli indirizzi email inseriti in questo sito saranno utilizzati esclusivamente per gli scopi dichiarati e non verranno resi disponibili per nessun altro uso.

Privacy Statement

The user authorizes the University of Salento to process personal data in accordance with D.Lgs. June 30, 2003, No. 196 and subsequent changes.

The names and email addresses entered in this site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.


Questo sito utilizza un cookie tecnico per consentire la corretta navigazione. Se vuoi saperne di più consulta l'informativa estesa.

e-ISSN: 1825-229X