I paradossi della democrazia protetta


The “defensive democracy” may be defined as the set of rules of a democratic system that forbids and punishes political behavior of certain movements, or illiberal parties, considered threatening the constitution. The “defensive democracy” institutional model was first theoretically and philosophically, then technically and legally analyzed through the comparison of four different legal systems belonging to Turkey, Spain, Germany and Italy. Theoretically, “defensive democracy” may be historically rooted in Hobbes' doctrine, but its more complete definition may be found in the XX century, as a firm reaction against the totalitarianism.

DOI Code: 10.1285/i22808949a2n2p347

Keywords: Defensive democracy; Unconstitutional party; Basque independence movement; Political Islam; Ideological and political extremism.

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribuzione - Non commerciale - Non opere derivate 3.0 Italia License.