Stress post-traumatico: diagnosi e psicoterapia di urgenza


In the last decades, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder has been recognized more than in the past. It is estimated that the prevalence of this disorder is approximately 7.8% during lifetime. In some cases, incidents that seems to be relatively trifling may cause PTSD, because subjective affective meaning defines adverse events. This study will analyse Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) according to DSM-V (2013) and historical review about psychogenic reaction to stressful events. Moreover, it will explain the Clinical Exploration Interview and the Clinical Interview with Children, Dynamic Support Psycotherapy and Brief Dynamic Psycotherapy, this method has proven capable of obtaining results similar in the same way other treatments . In addition, it will propose: Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), reflections on psychological damage in legal field and, finally, “Parameterized Therapy in Emergency Situations”, in according to Italian guidelines about “Emergency Psychology” for children, elders and psychiatric patients. It turns out that PTSD can be adequately understood in a biologic, psychological and social way, carrying out experimental longitudinal trial over random sample. In recent years, the percentage of diagnosis of PTSD increased. Victims have suffered lesser stressors lasting their lifetime as abuse and mistreatment, generating a PTSD alike as for natural disasters and wars, because the subjective affective meaning is more important than the fact, linked to victim’s resilience and social or familiar support.

DOI Code: 10.1285/i17201632vXVIIIn32p183

Keywords: Post traumatic S.D.; emergency psychology; natural disasters; wars

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