La via filosofica italiana al concetto di presenza n Ernesto de Martino: una teoria del valore oltre la negatività dell'esistenza


The objective of this study is the analysis of the concept of presence through the critical confrontation that de Martino conducted with the philosophy of German and Italian existence. In this way, an attempt is made to identify the reasons for the greatest controversy that de Martino has directed, above all, towards Heidegger's existential analytics formulated in Being and Time and to focus attention on the reasons for consonance and introjection of Italian existentialism, which belongs to Nicola Abbagnano, thus outlining the fundamental theoretical references that have contributed to the maturation of this category which, together with that of 'ethos of transcendence', constitutes the backbone of Ernesto de Martino's work on the concept of presence. Finally, once this reconnaissance has been carried out, a panoramic view is taken of the suggestions that the concept of presence would have exercised in the psychiatric and psychological field.

DOI Code: 10.1285/i22804250v10i2p171

Keywords: Presence; Italian existentialism; Anguish; Identity; Value

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