L’atteggiamento di Stati Uniti e Australia di fronte all’occupazione indonesiana di Timor Est, 1974-1976


Between 1974 and 1976, United States faced the afterwards of the Vietnamese crisis, which would have culminated in the fall of Saigon on the 30th April 1975. During the same time, Portugal suffered an institutional crisis, due to the overwhelming weight of having countered the African guerrilla, which would have led on 25th April 1974 to the Carnation Revolution, led by the Armed Forces Movement (MFA), to the decolonization in Africa and into the transition of power in Portuguese Timor, under the monitoring of Governor Lemos Pires. Unfortunately, Indonesia did not allow the birth of an independent State on its borders, invading it on 7th December 1975. American and Australian policy towards the crisis would have shifted from caution to accommodation, with agreements on defense policy, military cooperation and exploitation of submarine economic resources of that region.

DOI Code: 10.1285/i22808949a3n2p213

Keywords: Indonesia; Portuguese Timor; Australia; United States; Lemos Pires; Suharto; Kissinger; Fretilin

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